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Article 1:

The name of the society shall be: International Abalone Society (IAS).


Article 2:

The objects of the Society shall be:
a) the promotion of research on abalones;
b) distribution of information on the above
c) international cooperation among abalone researchers and people in the industry.
d) hold international and regional symposia

Article 3:

The objects of the Society shall be attained be the following means:
a) issue of newsletters and publications electronically and otherwise;
b) establishment of committees for specific investigative or administrative purposes;
c) cooperation with national abalone organizations;
d) engagement in any other activity consistent with the objects of the Society.


Article 4:

Membership shall be of five types. All members shall have the right to participate in the business of the Society and shall receive one copy of each periodical publication of the Society provided that dues are paid for the current year. Upon joining the Society, new members shall be sent a copy of the constitution.

a) Ordinal membership shall be granted to any person upon application to the Treasurer, to become effective following payment of annual dues.
b) Student Membership may be granted by the Treasurer, to full-time, degree-seeking students upon substantiation by the relevant university authority, to be effective following payments of annual dues.
c) Retired membership may be granted by the Treasurer to individuals who have been members of the Society for at least ten years, to be effective following payments of annual dues.
d) Honorary Membership may be granted by the Executive Council to persons for outstanding contribution or service related to abalone in science, industry or Society.
e) Corporate membership


Article 5:

Annual dues shall be paid by each member except honorary members. The amount of the dues for ordinary members shall be determined by the Executive Council, subject to ratification by a majority of responding members. The dues for student and retired Members shall be a fraction of ordinary member dues and set by the Executive Council. Dues shall be paid directly to the Treasurer or to regional sub-treasurers if designated by the Treasurer.

Members failing to pay dues for two successive years shall cease automatically to be members; such persons may be reinstated as members on application to the Treasurer and payment of all current dues and such part of the unpaid dues that the executive council consider reasonable.


Article 6:

The Society shall be governed by an Executive Council of six elected members, plus the Editor of the Societyís newsletter and the Chairperson of the Societyís International Organizing Committee (IOC). Of the six elected members, two shall be elected as ordinary members, one as President, one as Vice-president/President-elect, one as Secretary and one as Treasurer. All individuals shall be in good standing and elected from and by the membership of the Society.

Article 7:

Each elected ordinary member of the Executive Council shall serve a term of three years. A Nominating Committee shall be appointed by the President and shall consist of three members. Each appointment shall be for a three year term to run concurrently with the Presidentís term, and only one full term may be served at a time. It shall be the duty of the Nominating Committee or the Executive Council to process all nominations received from the membership, to consider all suggested nominees and to prepare with the approval of the Executive Committee a ballot bearing the names of candidates chosen by the Committee .

Nominations for Executive Council members may be made by any member of the Society, and all nominations shall be made to the Nominating Committee. The final list of candidates shall be selected by the Nominating Committee with the approval of the Executive Council, so as to reflect the international nature of the Society and the diversity of interests. Vacancies created by resignation, incapacity or death shall be filled at the next regular election.

Ballots shall be to the full membership of the Society during the last half of the three year term period and shall be returned to and counted by the secretary. Between each pair of candidates, the candidates receiving the greater number of votes shall be declared elected. In the event of a tie vote the Executive Council shall decide. The names of the newly elected Council members shall be announced during the first quarter of the year following their election.

Notwithstanding the above provision for a postal ballot, the Executive Council may determine to hold the ballot at a general meeting called for the purpose during the next international symposium. In that event the names of the newly elected council members shall be announced at the meeting and they shall hold office forthwith.

Article 8 :

The Officers of the Society shall be President, Vice-president, Secretary and Treasurer. One Executive Council position shall be designated that of President, one that of Vice-president, one that of Secretary and one that of Treasurer. Nominees agreeing to be on the ballot for these positions accept the responsibility of performing the duties of these positions for the Society if duly elected. Ordinary members of the Council and all of the members of the Society are eligible for nomination. Vacancies created by resignation, incapacity or death shall be filled by the Executive Council from members of that body or of the Society o n a temporary basis until the next regular election.

a) The President shall be the presiding officer of the Executive Council. The term of office for the President shall be three years. Normally the President may not serve more than one full term at a time. Ad hoc committees may be appointed by the President as deemed necessary, with the approval of the Executive Council.

b) Normally the Vice-president shall serve for three years. A vacancy in the office of President created by resignation, incapacity or death shall automatically be filled by the Vice-president until that elevation is ratified by the Executive Council. A new Vice-president shall then be elected in the ordinary way.

c) The Secretary shall conduct the business and maintain the appropriate files of the Society. The term of office for the Secretary shall be three years and the Secretary may serve not more than two full terms consecutively.

d) The Treasurer shall be responsible for the collection, keeping and disbursement of all funds. The term of the Treasurer shall be three years, and the Treasurer may serve not more than two full terms consecutively. For convenience of collection of dues, the Treasurer may organize and designate a system of regional sub-treasurers. The Treasurer shall submit an annual financial report to the Executive Council, the report having been audited by a member of the Society appointed by the President and ratified by a majority of the Executive Council.


Article 9:

Meetings of the Society shall be held at a time and place determined by the Executive Council. Meetings of the Executive Council shall be held at a time and place determined by the President at which five members, including the President, Vice-president, Secretary and Treasurer or their designates, shall constitute a quorum. Business of the Society and of the Executive Council ordinarily shall be transacted by correspondence.


Article 10:

Amendments to the Constitution may be proposed by any member of the Society and must be submitted in writing to the Executive Council. Each proposal shall be considered by the Executive Council and, if accepted, referred to the membership for consideration. In order to become effective, a proposed amendment must be submitted to the membership and approved by a simple majority of the responding members at the next general meeting.


Article 11:

The official publication of the Society shall be ordinarily a regular newsletter, electronically or in hard copy, containing reports, news, reviews of any aspect of abalone matter, and whatever information the editor deems worthy and appropriate.

Article 12:

Special publications may be issued at the direction of the Executive Council, which shall determine the method of their financing.


Article 13:

International or regional symposia may be held at intervals determined by the Executive Council. These symposia shall be under the jurisdiction of the International Organizing Committee (IOC) consisting of a Chairperson and a minimum of three members. Membership in the IOC is by invitation of the IAS President, the list being drawn up by the IOC Chairperson and approved by the President. The IOC Chairperson is appointed by the IAS President, with the approval of the Executive Council. The IOC Chairperson is permitted to serve for three years and shall become an ex-officio member of the Executive Council. Officers of the Executive Council shall be ex-officio members of the IOC.


Article 14:

An award known as the IAS AWARD shall be awarded from time to time for distinguished scientific work by a member of the Society. The medal shall be of Bronze. On the obverse shall be the words: The International Abalone Society Medal